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William Hogarth (1697-1764) was an English painter, print maker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and an editorial cartoonist. His work ranges from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called “modern moral subjects.” His style is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations done in similar styles are sometimes referred to as Hogarthian. He came from a lower-middle-class family and did not complete his engraving apprenticeship as a young man. He eventually became a member of the Rose and Crown Club as well as a Freemason in 1728.