Year of Publication


Date of Thesis


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Exercise and Sport Sciences

Subject Categories

Broad jump; Attention -- Physiological aspects; Psychomotor performance


The event of long jump is unique because it allows some athletes to exert an effort that can stand apart and not be influenced by competitors and teammates. Attention focus is an important aspect to the event of long jump as there are many stimuli to attend to in the environment, including the runway, take-off board, jumping mechanics, and the sand pit. The present study investigated how manipulating a distal external focus of attention would affect performance in college-level long jumpers (N = 10; Mage = 19.20 years old). Athletes completed 4 conditions consisting of 3 jumps each. The conditions were Control 1, Treatment 1 (consisted of attending to a low distal target (LDT)), Treatment 2 (involved attending to a high distal target (HDT)), and Control 2. Each athlete completed an attention focus questionnaire at the conclusion of each condition to assess attention focus during each jump. True jump distance, horizontal velocity at take-off, vertical velocity a take-off, take-off angle, and approach velocity were measured for each participant in each jump. Focusing on a HDT did not lead to significantly further jumps (M = 4.58 m) compared to focusing on a LDT (M = 4.58 m) or Control 1 ( M = 4.64 m). Athletes jumped the farthest in Control 2 ( M = 4.74 m), yet commonly reported looking up while jumping. Findings from the present study suggest that focusing on a high above-ground external target may aid in jump performance, but only if the target is self-selected by the athlete and not when instructed to attend to a specific external target. Further research on a larger sample of long jumpers is recommended.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.