Year of Publication

1986

Date of Thesis

09-1986

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Exercise and Sport Sciences

Subject Categories

Medical personnel -- Health and hygiene -- New York (State) -- Tompkins County; Physicians -- Health and hygiene -- New York (State) -- Tompkins County; Health promotion

Abstract

Fitness parameters of health-care employees and physicians at a small rural hospital were investigated. Subjects (N = 82), aged 22-75 years, were health-care deliverers at Tompkins Community Hospital in Ithaca, New York. The study examined anthropometric, cardiorespiratory, and hematological para­meters of the two groups of subjects over a 4-month period. During this time they engaged in an exercise program that was developed according to the wellness concept, aiming at improved health through preventive medicine. The parameters of interest were body composition, blood pressure, cholesterol/HDL ratio, and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max). The subjects were tested using the Balke (substandard) treadmill protocol. Results indicated that the parameters measured were not signi­ficantly (p> .05) different between the male employees of any age group and the male population in general. The female employee group (ages 30-39) had a significantly(p< .05) lower body fat percentage and diastolic blood pressure than the norm. The female employee group (ages 40-49) had a higher systolic blood pressure and body fat percentage than the general population of the same gender and age. The only difference between the physician group and age-matched controls was in body fat percentage, which was significantly(p< .05) lower in the 40-49 age group category. However, there was no significant difference observed between the employee and physician groups. For all the classifications studied, the mean for the cholesterol/HDL ratio was worse than the population standard. While several of the t tests indicated significant differences, these tests represented only a small percentage of the total number of significance tests run in this study, a percentage certainly within the limits of chance established by the overall probability level for this study. Therefore, the results of this investigation indicate that no significant difference in the health/fitness status exists between these hospital allied health care professionals and the general population, at least as assessed by the parameters of body composition, blood pressure, cholesterol/HDL ratio, and aerobic capacity.

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