Year of Publication

2008

Date of Thesis

08-2008

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Occupational Therapy

Subject Categories

Occupational therapy

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of an occupation-based training program for community rehabilitation workers (CRW) and parents of children with disabilities in the Dominican Republic. This training program focused on seating and positioning children with disabilities and specific occupations and activities that children can do while seated. Participants were recruited from Fundacion Cuidado Infantil Dominicano, a community-based rehabilitation program, which sends CRWs into the impoverished communities of the Dominican Republic to teach caregivers simple rehabilitation exercises and techniques in order to improve the individual's function. The study's research questions included: 1) Is this training program effective in increasing the knowledge-base of participants? 2) Do participant demographics correlate with the test scores? 3) Are the participants satisfied with the training program? The researcher utilized a pre-post-test design to measure the efficacy of this program in increasing participants' knowledge of the seating and positioning training principles. In addition, participants completed satisfaction surveys for qualitative feedback on the program. Two months following the training program, participants responded to follow-up post-tests and satisfaction surveys to measure retention of the training material. Data analysis demonstrated a significant relationship between the change in test scores from the pre-test to the post-test, and the pre-test to the two-month follow-up test. Satisfaction surveys demonstrated that participants found the training program valuable and used the information from the training program with children with disabilities. These results demonstrate that the training program was effective in increasing knowledge of participants on occupation-based seating and positioning principles.

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