We examined whether raising uncertainty about the causes of one's judgments motivates correction. Specifically, we examined whether activating chronically accessible causal uncertainty (CU) beliefs with a conditional warning about possible bias enhances correction of weather judgments for tropical weather primes and of word frequency judgments for the availability bias. In two studies we showed that activating chronic beliefs led to careful correction of target judgments. Moreover, Study 2 revealed that chronically high-CU individuals who received a conditional warning felt more uncertain than did other participants, but that this uncertainty was suppressed somewhat by adjusting for the bias.
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Vaughn, Leigh Ann and Weary, Gifford, "Causal uncertainty and correction of judgments" (2003). Psychology Department Faculty Publications and Presentations. 11.