Title

Swearing by Peers in the Work Setting: Expectancy Violation Valence, Perceptions of Message, and Perceptions of Speaker

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1-2012

Abstract

Swearing is a frequent language form in a number of contexts, including the work setting. This investigation extends research on expectancy violations theory as an explanation for how people perceive swearing by examining violation valence. Study 1 concludes that violation valence is positively related to perceptions of message appropriateness and effectiveness and to perceptions of the speaker. Study 2 replicates these findings using a national sample. These results provide support for the role of expectancy violations in swearing and show that swearing is not always perceived as negative in work settings. © 2012 Copyright Central States Communication Association.

Publication Name

Communication Studies

Volume Number

63

First Page

136

Last Page

151

Issue Number

2

DOI

10.1080/10510974.2011.638411

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