Overview of Lutetia's surface composition
All available data regarding compositionally diagnostic measurements of asteroid (21) Lutetia are assembled. We review ground-based observations together with recent spacecraft mission (Rosetta, Herschel and Spitzer) measurements. The aim of this paper is to gather all the pieces of the Lutetia puzzle, in order to derive the most probable surface composition interpretation. During the flyby Rosetta observed only the northern hemisphere where OSIRIS imaging system found albedo variations of up to 30%. From our analyses of all the available data, taken at different aspect angles, variations on Lutetia's surface are inferred to be due to compositional and morphological differences (at macro and micro scales). We conclude that Lutetia has a chondritic surface, possibly composed of mixtures of incompatible types of materials: carbonaceous and enstatite chondrites. Finding these materials juxtaposed could be the consequence of large impacts that created the present surface. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Planetary and Space Science
Barucci, M. A.; Belskaya, I. N.; Fornasier, S.; Fulchignoni, M.; Clark, B. E.; Coradini, A.; Capaccioni, F.; Dotto, E.; Birlan, M.; Leyrat, C.; Sierks, H.; Thomas, N.; and Vincent, J. B., "Overview of Lutetia's surface composition" (2012). Faculty Articles Indexed in Scopus. 1203.