Exploring the thermodynamics of a rubber band

David Roundy, Oregon State University
Michael Rogers, Ithaca College

Abstract

We describe an upper-division experiment in thermal physics where students measure the tension of a rubber band as a function of temperature and length and use a Maxwell relation to find the change in internal energy and entropy for an isothermal stretch. This allows students to experimentally check the predictions of the entropic spring model for elastomers and observe that the entropy does indeed decrease as a rubber band is stretched. © 2013 American Association of Physics Teachers.