Targeting a Regulatory Element in Human Thymidylate Synthase mRNA

Nicholas D. Brunn, University of California, San Diego
Emily Garcia Sega, University of California, San Diego
Melody B. Kao, University of California, San Diego
Thomas Hermann, University of California, San Diego

Abstract

Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of thymidine. The use of TS inhibitors in cancer chemotherapy suffers from resistance development in tumors through upregulation of TS expression. Autoregulatory translation control has been implicated with TS overexpression. TS binding at its own mRNA, which leads to sequestration of the start codon, is abolished when the enzyme forms an inhibitor complex, thereby relieving translation suppression. We have used the protein-binding site from the TS mRNA in the context of a bicistronic expression system to validate targeting the regulatory motif with stabilizing ligands that prevent ribosomal initiation. Stabilization of the RNA by mutations, which were studied as surrogates of ligand binding, suppresses translation of the TS protein. Compounds that stabilize the TS-binding RNA motif and thereby inhibit ribosomal initiation might be used in combination with existing TS enzyme-targeting drugs to overcome resistance development during chemotherapy. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.