Overview of Lutetia's surface composition

M. A. Barucci, LESIA - Laboratoire d'Etudes Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique
I. N. Belskaya, LESIA - Laboratoire d'Etudes Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique
S. Fornasier, LESIA - Laboratoire d'Etudes Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique
M. Fulchignoni, LESIA - Laboratoire d'Etudes Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique
B. E. Clark, Ithaca College
A. Coradini, Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, Rome
F. Capaccioni, INAF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Rome
E. Dotto, Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma
M. Birlan, L'Observatoire de Paris
C. Leyrat, LESIA - Laboratoire d'Etudes Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique
H. Sierks, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
N. Thomas, University of Bern
J. B. Vincent, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

Abstract

All available data regarding compositionally diagnostic measurements of asteroid (21) Lutetia are assembled. We review ground-based observations together with recent spacecraft mission (Rosetta, Herschel and Spitzer) measurements. The aim of this paper is to gather all the pieces of the Lutetia puzzle, in order to derive the most probable surface composition interpretation. During the flyby Rosetta observed only the northern hemisphere where OSIRIS imaging system found albedo variations of up to 30%. From our analyses of all the available data, taken at different aspect angles, variations on Lutetia's surface are inferred to be due to compositional and morphological differences (at macro and micro scales). We conclude that Lutetia has a chondritic surface, possibly composed of mixtures of incompatible types of materials: carbonaceous and enstatite chondrites. Finding these materials juxtaposed could be the consequence of large impacts that created the present surface. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.