Title

Perceptions of swearing in the work setting: An expectancy violations theory perspective

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-12-2010

Abstract

This study investigates perceptions of swearing from an expectancy violations perspective. Degree of expectancy violation is hypothesized to depend on several communicator, relationship, contextual, and message characteristics. Results support that expectancy violations are related to the formality of the situation in which swearing occurs and the specific swearing phrase. No support is found for swearer's sex or status as predictors of expectancy violations. Hearer's degree of surprise perceived is associated with perceptions that the speaker is incompetent. These results support the usefulness of expectancy violations theory as an explanation for perceptions of swearing. © 2010 Western States Communication Association.

Publication Name

Communication Reports

Volume Number

23

First Page

106

Last Page

118

Issue Number

2

DOI

10.1080/08934215.2010.511401

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