Perceptions of swearing in the work setting: An expectancy violations theory perspective
This study investigates perceptions of swearing from an expectancy violations perspective. Degree of expectancy violation is hypothesized to depend on several communicator, relationship, contextual, and message characteristics. Results support that expectancy violations are related to the formality of the situation in which swearing occurs and the specific swearing phrase. No support is found for swearer's sex or status as predictors of expectancy violations. Hearer's degree of surprise perceived is associated with perceptions that the speaker is incompetent. These results support the usefulness of expectancy violations theory as an explanation for perceptions of swearing. © 2010 Western States Communication Association.
Johnson, Danette Ifert and Lewis, Nicole, "Perceptions of swearing in the work setting: An expectancy violations theory perspective" (2010). Faculty Articles Indexed in Scopus. 1447.