Title

Catalyst supports for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-28-2010

Abstract

A major challenge in obtaining long-term durability in fuel cells is to discover catalyst supports that do not corrode, or corrode much more slowly than the current carbon blacks used in today's polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Such materials must be sufficiently stable at low pH (acidic conditions) and high potential, in contact with the polymer membrane and under exposure to hydrogen gas and oxygen at temperatures up to perhaps 120°C. Here, we report the initial discovery of a promising class of doped oxide materials for this purpose: Ti M O , where M=a variety of transition metals. Specifically, we show that Ti W O is electrochemically inert over the appropriate potential range. Although the process is not yet optimized, when Pt nanoparticles are deposited on this oxide, electrochemical experiments show that hydrogen is oxidized and oxygen reduced at rates comparable to those seen using a commercial Pt on carbon black support. © 2010 The Royal Society. 1-x x 2 0.7 0.3 2

Publication Name

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

Volume Number

368

First Page

3243

Last Page

3253

Issue Number

1923

DOI

10.1098/rsta.2010.0116

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