Magnetometry, self-potential, and seismic: Additional geophysical methods having potentially significant future use in agriculture

Document Type


Publication Date



Magnetometry is a passive remote sensing method that records the magnitude of Earth’s local magnetic eld at a sensor location. The Earth’s overall magnetic eld is a dipole eld with the North Magnetic Pole and the South Magnetic Pole acting much like the ends of a bar magnet. There are secondary regional and local variations to the primary dipole eld caused by soils and objects with different magnetic properties located above, on, or beneath the ground surface. Historically, the oersted and gamma have been the common units for measuring variations in Earth’s magnetic eld, and some of the older magnetometry data are displayed in these units. However, more recently, the common geophysical unit of measure for a magnetic eld is called a tesla, where one tesla is equal to 104 oersteds, or 109 gammas. The Earth’s magnetic eld intensity varies between 0.25 and 0.65 oersteds (25,000 to 65,000 nanoteslas [nT], or 25,000 to 65,000 gammas).

Publication Name

Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics

First Page


Last Page


This document is currently not available here.