Knee and hip angle and moment adaptations during cutting tasks in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency classified as noncopers
Study Design: Two-factor mixed-design study, with factors including group (control and noncoper) and task (sidestep, crossover, and straight). Objectives: To compare the knee and hip joint angles and moments of control subjects and subjects with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient knee classified as noncopers, during a sidestep, crossover, and straight-ahead task. Background: Subjects with ACL deficiency primarily note difficulty with cutting tasks as opposed to straight-ahead tasks. Yet, previous studies have primarily focused on straight-ahead tasks. Methods and Measures: Fifteen subjects with ACL deficiency classified as noncopers, based on the number of giving-way episodes (>1) and global question of knee function (<60%), were included in this study. These subjects (10 male, 5 female; age range, 18-49 years) were compared to a healthy control group (7 male, 7 female; age range, 19-47 years). Position data collected at 60 Hz were combined with anthropometric and ground reaction force data collected at 420 Hz to estimate 3-dimensional knee and hip joint angles and moments. All subjects performed 3 tasks including a step and 45° sidestep cut, step and 45° crossover cut, and step and proceed straight. Two-way mixed-model ANOVAs were used to compare peak angle and moment variables between 10% to 30% of stance. Results: The ACL-deficient noncoper group had 1.8° to 5.7° less knee flexion angle compared to the control group across tasks (P<,043), The ACL-deficient noncoper group used 22% to 27% lower knee extensor moment during weight acceptance compared to the control group (P<.001). The sagittal plane hip extensor moments were 34% to 39% higher in the ACL-deficient noncoper group compared to the control group (P<.025). Hip frontal (P<.037) and transverse plane (P<.04) moments also distinguished the ACL-deficient noncoper from the control group, Conclusions: This study suggests that individuals who do not cope well after ACL injury rely on a hip control strategy during cutting tasks.
Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Houck, Jeff R.; Duncan, Andrew; and De Haven, Kenneth E., "Knee and hip angle and moment adaptations during cutting tasks in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency classified as noncopers" (2005). Faculty Articles Indexed in Scopus. 1982.