The state of protoplanetary material 10 million years after stellar formation: Circumstellar disks in the TW hydrae association
We have used the Spitzer Space Telescope Infrared Spectrograph to observe seven members of the TW Hya association, the nearest stellar association whose age (∼10 Myr) is similar to the timescales thought to apply to planet formation and disk dissipation. Only two of the seven targets display infrared excess emission, indicating that substantial amounts of dust still exist closer to the stars than is characteristic of debris disks; however, in both objects we confirm an abrupt short-wavelength edge to the excess, as is seen in disks with cleared-out central regions. The mid-infrared excesses in the spectra of Hen 3-600 and TW Hya include crystalline silicate emission features, indicating that the grains have undergone significant thermal processing. We offer a detailed comparison between the spectra of TW Hya and Hen 3-600, and a model that corroborates the spectral shape and our previous understanding of the radial structure of these protoplanetary disks.
Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Uchida, K. I.; Calvet, N.; Hartmann, L.; Kemper, F.; Forrest, W. J.; Watson, D. M.; D'Alessio, P.; Chen, C. H.; Furlan, E.; Sargent, B.; Brandl, B. R.; Herter, T. L.; Morris, P.; Myers, P. C.; Najita, J.; Sloan, G. C.; Barry, D. J.; Green, J.; Keller, L. D.; and Hall, P., "The state of protoplanetary material 10 million years after stellar formation: Circumstellar disks in the TW hydrae association" (2004). Faculty Articles Indexed in Scopus. 2012.