Title

Bone cutting, placement, and cannibalism? Middle preceramic mortuary patterns of nanchoc, Northern Peru

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2001

Abstract

Mortuary practices of the Middle Preceramic period (ca. 8500-4000 B.P.) are discussed for the Nanchoc region of the upper Zaña Valley, northern Peru. Careful breaking, cutting, and placement of human bones from adult males during the Las Pircas Phase (8500-6000 B.P.) gave way to more haphazard breakage and discard during the subsequent Tierra Blanca Phase (6000-5000 B.P.). The evidence of cannibalism is considered. Bone breakage, cutting, and possibly cannibalism is believed to have been part of a broader process of ritualization that mitigated the spiritual danger of the transition from hunting-gathering to horticulture. © 2007 Universidad de Tarapacá.

Publication Name

Chungara

Volume Number

33

Issue Number

1

DOI

10.4067/S0717-73562001000100010

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