Communal orientation and attributions between the self and other
Prior research has shown that communally oriented interpersonal relationships are governed by other-oriented behaviors that take into account the needs and feelings of a partner. Communal orientation has been manipulated within interactions and has also been measured on a dispositional level. What is not known, however, are the consequences of being dispositionally communally oriented and how interacting with a communally oriented other might influence attributions for success and failure. To examine this issue, undergraduates completed the communal orientation scale and then participated in a joint decision-making task with a randomly assigned partner. Participants then assessed how communally oriented they thought their partner was and received success or failure feedback on the task. Then they were given the opportunity to attribute responsibility for the performance to themselves, their partner, or the relationship. Results indicate that communal orientation and the perception of the degree of communal orientation of the partner contributed to the attribution of responsibility for the performance. These data suggest that communal orientation and a perception of the communal orientation of another affects attributions even in short-term laboratory-based interactions.
Basic and Applied Social Psychology
McCall, Michael; Reno, Raymond R.; Jalbert, Nicole; and West, Stephen G., "Communal orientation and attributions between the self and other" (2000). Faculty Articles Indexed in Scopus. 2295.