Title

Perceived responsibility for disease onset affects HIV/AIDS education

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1998

Abstract

Ninety-nine participants were assigned to one of three experimental conditions in which they viewed an AIDS education videotape that systematically manipulated whether or not the educator would be perceived as responsible for HIV infection. Participants were administered pre- and post-video affect measures, and an HIV/AIDS knowledge test after watching the video. Participants who viewed the speaker who acquired HIV through a blood transfusion (perceived not responsible) and those who viewed the speaker who did not reveal mode of acquisition (control) performed significantly better on the knowledge test compared to those who viewed the speaker who acquired HIV through unprotected sexual intercourse (perceived responsible). In addition, male participants in the perceived responsible condition reported a significant increase in sensation-seeking after viewing the video. Finally, females experienced a significantly greater increase in anxiety as a result of seeing the video than did males. Implications of these findings for the design and implementation of AIDS education programs were discussed.

Publication Name

Psychology and Health

Volume Number

13

First Page

503

Last Page

514

Issue Number

3

DOI

10.1080/08870449808407306

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