Neuromuscular control following maximal eccentric exercise

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Kinematic and electromyographic (EMG) analysis of a target-directed, maximal velocity movement was used to investigate the effects of high-force eccentric exercise on the neuromuscular control of elbow flexion. Ten non-weight-trained females [19.6 (1.6) years old] performed 50 maximal velocity elbow flexion movements from 0 to 1.58 rad (90°), as rapidly as possible in response to a light stimulus, while kinematic and triphasic EMG parameters were measured. This was done three times pre-exercise, immediately and 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 days following the 50 maximal eccentric elbow flexion actions. The eccentric exercise caused lengthening of kinematic parameters including total movement time and time to peak velocity. The EMG elements of the biceps brachii (b.) motor time, time to peak EMG, biceps b. burst duration, and the latency period between biceps b. and triceps b. bursts were lengthened post-exercise. These changes persisted for up to 5 days post-exercise. The exercise also caused a large increase in serum creatine kinase (CK) activity. It was concluded that high-force eccentric exercise in this population caused prolonged changes in neuromuscular control that were a function of exercise-induced disruption of the skeletal muscle. Compensation in the central motor program was such that the components of the triphasic EMG pattern were systematically lengthened.

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European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology

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