Title

Cross-Language Activation Begins During Speech Planning and Extends Into Second Language Speech

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2016

Abstract

Three groups of native English speakers named words aloud in Spanish, their second language (L2). Intermediate proficiency learners in a classroom setting (Experiment 1) and in a domestic immersion program (Experiment 2) were compared to a group of highly proficient English-Spanish speakers. All three groups named cognate words more quickly and accurately than matched noncognates, indicating that all speakers experienced cross-language activation during speech planning. However, only the classroom learners exhibited effects of cross-language activation in their articulation: Cognate words were named with shorter overall durations, but longer (more English-like) voice onset times. Inhibition of the first language during L2 speech planning appears to impact the stages of speech production at which cross-language activation patterns can be observed.

Publication Name

Language Learning

Volume Number

66

First Page

324

Last Page

353

Issue Number

2

DOI

10.1111/lang.12148

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