Title

Credit Where Credit is Due: A Field Survey of the Interactive Effects of Credit Expectations and Leaders' Credit Allocation on Employee Turnover

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2016

Abstract

Today's human resource management community has a strong interest in the issue of how HR practice is implemented by managers and leaders in the workplace. In this article, we investigate how one specific practice, leaders' public recognition of a job well done (i.e., credit allocation), impacts employee turnover. Based on expectancy violations, psychological contracts, and turnover research, we predicted that subordinates would be more likely to leave an organization if their leader took credit for their work, but only if the credit taking violated subordinates' expectations. In a field survey of organizational employees, we found that the effects of credit taking on turnover were negated when subordinates' expectations and leaders' credit allocation behavior were aligned. However, when leaders' credit behavior came as a surprise, participants responded negatively when expectations were not met and positively when expectations were exceeded. We discuss the implications of these results for both theory and practice.

Publication Name

Human Resource Management

Volume Number

55

First Page

341

Last Page

355

Issue Number

2

DOI

10.1002/hrm.21670

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