School

School of Health Sciences and Human Performance

Department

Occupational Therapy

ICC Theme

Inquiry, Imagination, and Innovation

Date

2-4-2019 12:10 PM

Abstract

Thelen (2005) approached dynamic systems theory from the view of chaos theory, where “physical and biological systems . . .appear to self-organize to produce ordered patterns” (Thelen, 2005, p. 260). She described infant development as dynamic, in that the state of performance at any one time is contingent upon past and current states. In typical development, we tend to see infant development fall into familiar patterns that we may refer to as milestones. Thelen’s perspective is that these patterns develop because neurotypical infants have similar resources available to them within the constraints of the infant body, and the patterns that develop are very similar among children. In children who are not developing typically, we identify problems in the acquisition of milestones, perhaps without considering that the resources available to these infants may be different than those available to typically-developing infants, resulting in different movement patterns. Thelen has challenged the traditional views of motor development and offers a contemporary understanding of the intersection between learning, development, and therapeutic intervention. This intersection, achieved through a heterarchical relationship, facilitates developmental change in young infants through integration of motor behavior and knowledge from the environment (Smith, 2006). The merger of these three components leads to a phenomenon that Thelen identified as the developmental cascade; infant development of new schemes of movement leads to greater opportunities within the environment, prompting further development. The purpose of this study is to describe how infants acquire driving skills using the WeeBot, a robotic mobility device controlled by weight shift.

Document Type

Poster

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Apr 2nd, 12:10 PM

Acquisition of Infant Driving Skills Using a Robotic Mobility Device

Thelen (2005) approached dynamic systems theory from the view of chaos theory, where “physical and biological systems . . .appear to self-organize to produce ordered patterns” (Thelen, 2005, p. 260). She described infant development as dynamic, in that the state of performance at any one time is contingent upon past and current states. In typical development, we tend to see infant development fall into familiar patterns that we may refer to as milestones. Thelen’s perspective is that these patterns develop because neurotypical infants have similar resources available to them within the constraints of the infant body, and the patterns that develop are very similar among children. In children who are not developing typically, we identify problems in the acquisition of milestones, perhaps without considering that the resources available to these infants may be different than those available to typically-developing infants, resulting in different movement patterns. Thelen has challenged the traditional views of motor development and offers a contemporary understanding of the intersection between learning, development, and therapeutic intervention. This intersection, achieved through a heterarchical relationship, facilitates developmental change in young infants through integration of motor behavior and knowledge from the environment (Smith, 2006). The merger of these three components leads to a phenomenon that Thelen identified as the developmental cascade; infant development of new schemes of movement leads to greater opportunities within the environment, prompting further development. The purpose of this study is to describe how infants acquire driving skills using the WeeBot, a robotic mobility device controlled by weight shift.

 

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