School

School of Humanities and Sciences

Department

Psychology

ICC Theme

Identities

Date

2-4-2019 2:50 PM

Abstract

This study represents a longitudinal content analysis of the portrayals of teenagers on teenoriented situation comedies. The sample included 91 shows chosen from the archive of the Center for Research on the Effects of Television (CRETV) at Ithaca College. An initial analysis showed that many teen sitcoms take place mainly inside the home with interactions primarily between teens and their parents or siblings; those shows were excluded from this analysis in order to focus on teen relationships outside of the home. Programs were selected for analysis that were a 30-minute teen-focused situation comedy aired during the years 1994-1997, 2004-2007, or 2014-2017, and had at least 3 non-related teen characters. Content was coded for all teen dyads that occurred within the program (including family members), and demographic information (gender, age, race, relationship, and approximate age) were coded for all characters. The nature of the teen relationship was fully described for each dyad, including displays and discussion of affection, gender messages, discussions of other dyads, and put-downs. Results showed that teen-oriented situation comedies that aired in the 1990s tended to cover more serious issues such as eating disorders and drug use, while episodes that aired in the later years of the study tended to focus more on fluff (such as getting a celebrity to perform at school, or dance competitions at prom). The earlier shows were also significantly more likely to include displays of affection between significant others, while more recent shows focused primarily on samegender and mixed-gender friendships.

Document Type

Poster

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Apr 2nd, 2:50 PM

Squad Goals: A Content Analysis of Teen Shows over Three Decades on Television (1993-2017)

This study represents a longitudinal content analysis of the portrayals of teenagers on teenoriented situation comedies. The sample included 91 shows chosen from the archive of the Center for Research on the Effects of Television (CRETV) at Ithaca College. An initial analysis showed that many teen sitcoms take place mainly inside the home with interactions primarily between teens and their parents or siblings; those shows were excluded from this analysis in order to focus on teen relationships outside of the home. Programs were selected for analysis that were a 30-minute teen-focused situation comedy aired during the years 1994-1997, 2004-2007, or 2014-2017, and had at least 3 non-related teen characters. Content was coded for all teen dyads that occurred within the program (including family members), and demographic information (gender, age, race, relationship, and approximate age) were coded for all characters. The nature of the teen relationship was fully described for each dyad, including displays and discussion of affection, gender messages, discussions of other dyads, and put-downs. Results showed that teen-oriented situation comedies that aired in the 1990s tended to cover more serious issues such as eating disorders and drug use, while episodes that aired in the later years of the study tended to focus more on fluff (such as getting a celebrity to perform at school, or dance competitions at prom). The earlier shows were also significantly more likely to include displays of affection between significant others, while more recent shows focused primarily on samegender and mixed-gender friendships.

 

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